Effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil on selected marine biota a laboratory study

Cover of: Effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil on selected marine biota |

Published by Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories in Richland, Wash .

Written in English

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  • Oil pollution of the sea.,
  • Marine pollution.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementBurton E. Vaughan, editor.
SeriesAPI publication -- no. 4191., API publication -- 4191.
ContributionsVaughan, Burton E., Pacific Northwest Laboratory.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16602321M

Download Effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil on selected marine biota

London: Cambridge University Press. Vaughan, B. Effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil on selected marine biota - a laboratory study. API Publ. Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Riehland, Washington. Wells, P. Effects of Venezuelan crude oil on young stages of the American lobster, Homarus Cited by: 4.

Further effects of oil exposure to marine biota under similar reference compound concentrations included long-term growth effects, increased mortality and behavioural dysfunction 43 Cited by: Understanding exposure and effects is a complex task.

Exposure to oil alone can cause a variety of adverse effects, including slowed growth, reduced reproduction, and death. Adding dispersants to. Further effects of oil exposure to marine biota under similar reference compound concentrations included long-term growth effects, increased mortality and behavioural dysfunct44, Because Cited by: the biota w ere not m onitoredfor hydrocarbon uptake.

F arkee t a l. () used m esocosm experiments to study the effects of dispersed oil on intertidal organisms. C hem icaldispersion of the oil resulted in m ore retention of the low er m olecular w eight B.

H U M P H R E Y et a l. oil sands products (e.g., diluted bitumen, synthetic crude oil) on aquatic biota. Research is also needed to study the fate, behaviour and effects on aquatic biota of oil spills in ice-covered.

Therefore, our results further our understanding of the acute effects of physically and chemically dispersed crude oil on marine copepods under realistic crude oil and chemical dispersant concentrations after catastrophic oil spills, helping to predict the potential impacts of crude oil pollution on the marine by: These tests involve the comparative assessment of the effects from mechanically and chemically dispersed oil, and, in order to reflect estuarine conditions, suspended particulate matter.

View Show. of physically and chemically dispersed oil in cold waters, an d the potential toxicity of dispersed oil to cold water species. The group identified the toxicity of dispersed oil to cold water species. Effects of Oil and Chemically T reated O il on Nearshore U nder-Ice Meiofauna Studied in situ W IL L IA M E.

C R O S S Õ and C A R O L E M. M A R T IN Õ (R eceived 6 June ; accepted in revised form 12 F ebru ary ) A B S T R A C T. Planktonic copepods play a key function in marine ecosystems, however, little is known about the effects of dispersants and chemically dispersed crude oil on these important planktonic organisms.

We examined the potential for the copepods Acartia tonsa, Temora turbinata and Parvocalanus crassirostris to ingest crude oil droplets and determined the acute toxicity of the Cited by:   American Petroleum Institute: Effects of oil and chemical dispersed oil on selected marine biota.

Publs Am. Petrol. Inst. ()Cited by: For example, Clark et al. () using three types of oil (variable loadings), two dispersants (Corexit and ), continuous and short-term spiked exposures, and early life stages of several marine organisms in 46 and 96 hr tests found that physically dispersed oil appears less toxic than chemically dispersed oil when LC 50 s were.

Get this from a library. Effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil on selected marine biota: a laboratory study. [Burton E Vaughan; API Committee on Environmental Affairs.;]. Introduction. Marine oil spills often refer to releases of liquid petroleum hydrocarbons into the ocean or coastal areas due to human activities (Li, Cai, Lin, Chen, & Zhang, ).They include the releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs, and wells; spills of refined petroleum products (such as gasoline and diesel) and their by-products; heavier fuels used Cited by: 6.

Khelifa et al. () studied aggregation between physically and chemically dispersed oil droplets and SPM. They found that the sedimentation of oil trapped in OSAs was 3–5 times higher with chemically dispersed oil than with physically dispersed oil at low sediment concentration (25–50 mg/L) based on the TPH measurement in sinking by: Subtidal benthic biota were monitored for petroleum hydrocarbons following two experimental oil spills at Cape Hatt, N.W.T., Canada.

In one spill oil was chemically dispersed into the water column. Immediate ecotoxicological effects of short-lived oil spills on marine biota Corina P.D. Brussaard1,2, Louis Peperzak1, Siham Beggah3, Lukas Y.

Wick4, Birgit Wuerz4, Jan Weber4, J. Samuel Arey5,6, Bart van der Burg7, Arjen Jonas7, Johannes Huisman8 & Jan Roelof van der Meer3Cited by: Effects of untreated and chemically dispersed oil on tropical marine communities: A long-term field experiment.

– in Proceedings of the International Oil Spill Conference, San Antonio, Texas. American Petroleum Institute, Washington, D.C. API Effects of Oil and Chemically Dispersed. During chemical dispersion, the solubility of the oil is increased, the droplet size is more uniform and the formation of the unfavoured water droplet-in-oil emulsion is prevented.

In the past few years, a growing number of environmental studies demonstrated the different effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil in the marine by: To compare the toxic effects of untreated and chemically dispersed oil on marine life, it is necessary to evaluate the following four factors: Furthermore, by entraining oil within the water column, it may have greater impacts on marine biota present in the water column.

In addition, less is known about the long-term effects of subsea. Impact of oil spills on marine organisms. Ultimately, the impact of oil on marine organisms depends on the fate of the oil.

As previously described, when oil is present in the environment, it is either dispersed in the top layer of the water (littoral zone) or remains Cited by: 4. The role of dispersion in fuel oil bioassay. Authors; Authors and affiliations; J. Vanderhorst presented at FAO Tech. Conf. on Marine Pollution and its Effects on Living Resources and Fishing.

Rome (). Effects of Oil and Chemically Dispersed Oil on Selected Marine Biota: A Laboratory Study. API No. Wash., D.C. American Cited by: 6. • This third booklet focuses on exposure and effects of untreated oil and chemically dispersed oil in the marine environment.

• Crude oil is a complex, highly variable mixture of hydrocarbons and other trace compounds. Exposure may cause a variety of adverse effects, including narcosis, slowed. After the Hebei Spirit oil spill (HSOS) in Decembermixtures of three types of Middle East crude oil (total 12 kL) were stranded along km of coastline in Western Korea.

Emergency responses together with million volunteers’ activity rapidly removed ca. 20% of spilled oil but the lingering oils have been found along the heavily impacted shorelines for more than 4 by: chemicals and different natural compounds (examples are dispersed oil, some dissolved PAH’s and phenols and also some heavy metals) which may represent a potential for harmful impacts on the biota in the recipient.

The amounts of the produced water discharged will normally, at a later stage of production, by far exceed the amount of oil produced. Immediate ecotoxicological effects of short-lived oil spills on marine biota.

To fill this important gap in the assessment of oil-spill effects, we performed two independent supervised full sea releases of 5 m(3) of crude oil, complemented by on-board mesocosm studies and sampling of accidentally encountered slicks. Using rapid on-board Cited by: Concern for the effects of crude and refined oil on marine biota is growing commensurately with the growth of marine transport and production of oil.

The objective in this study was to measure short-term (96 h) lethal toxicity of a No. 2 fuel oil-in-seawater dispersion to coon stripe shrimp (Pandalus danae) under continuous flow by: This review discusses the ingestion and effects of dispersed oil on zooplankton and fish larvae, the different types of surfactants used in dispersants with possible effects on zooplankton, gaps in research and priority areas for future research on effects of dispersed oil on zooplankton.

biota to various oil and oil/dispersant mixtures under laboratory conditions. In most experiments, the Comparing the toxic effects of untreated and chemically-dispersed oil on marine life requires evaluation of four and hence the effects of dispersant/dispersed oil versus untreated oil.

Indirect Human Health Effects. The chemical dispersant used to counteract the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in may not be as harmful to fish as first thought, says new research from Queen's professor.

Approximately 3 million gallons (10, metric tons [tonnes]) of oil or refined petroleum product 1 are spilled into the waters of the United States every year (NRC, ). This amount represents the total input from hundreds of spills, many of which necessitate timely and effective response.

When these oil spills occur in the United States, the primary response methods consist of the. Spilled oil is transported, and its composition and character altered, by a variety of physical, chemical, and biological processes ().Use of chemical dispersants changes the relative importance of these processes, affecting the fate of the oil, and altering subsequent ecological effects.

CROSERF Summary Report 12 This draft plan was presented to the Forum for review at the seventh meeting in November, (Coelho and Aurand, a). After considerable discussion, the participants decided that the scope of the plan needed to be significantly limited.

We conducted controlled laboratory exposure experiments to assess the toxic effects of water-accommodated fractions (WAFs) of South Louisiana sweet crude oil on five phytoplankton species isolated from the Gulf of Mexico.

Experiments were conducted with individual and combinations of the five phytoplankton species to determine growth inhibitions to eight total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH Cited by: Almeda R, Baca S, Hyatt C, Buskey EJ. Ingestion and sublethal effects of physically and chemically dispersed crude oil on marine planktonic copepods.

Ecotoxicology [Internet]. ;23 (6)   The toxicity of oil and/or chemically dispersed oil to corals has been summarised and reviewed recen25, Although it is difficult to compare toxicities between studies due to Cited by: 8. Microplastic-associated effects on marine biota have become increasingly investigated with growing concerns regarding human health through trophic transfer.

We argue that research on the cellular interactions with microplastics provide an understanding of their impact to the organisms’ fitness and, therefore, its ability to sustain their. The use of dispersants can be an effective way to deal with acute oil spills to limit environmental damage, however very little is known about whether chemically dispersed oil have the same toxic effect on marine organisms as mechanically dispersed oil.

We exposed Atlantic cod larvae to chemically and mechanically dispersed oil for four days during the first-feeding stage of Cited by:. Effects of oil and chemically dispersed oil on selected marine biota. A laboratory study. Technical Report.

This report concludes a two year development study on acute (lethal), chronic, and sublethal effects of oil upon marine biota. Using a refined oil (No. 2 fuel oil) and two crude oils (South Louisiana and Kuwait) effects were bioassayed.

8. Effects of Oil spills – Oil spills have affected many people and many industries. They affect both the economy and the environment. Some of the things affected are: (a) Marine life, (b) Local industries (often tourist industry), (c) Fishing industry.

(a) Marine life – The adverse effects of oil spills on the marine environment are well.Chemically Dispersed Oil Response data [11] were used to characterize the potential adverse effects of dispersed oil to aquatic receptors.

Several hundred water samples were collected for chemical analysis including PAH quantificationi. However, not all samples for which PAHs were measured were associated with the use of dispersants.

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